IELTS speaking tests, key vocabulary + suggested answers

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Part 1 – sample questions

Part 2 – sample task card

Describe an environmental problem. You should say:

  • what it is
  • how long it has existed
  • how it affects people’s lives

and explain how you think the problem will develop in the future.

Part 3 – sample questions

  1. Which environmental problems are people most concerned about in your country?
  2. What are the main causes of these environmental problems?
  3. Do you think it is the responsibility of governments alone to protect the environment?
  4. What measures can individuals take to protect the environment?
  5. Do you think large companies and business organisations should be more environmentally friendly? Why? How?
  6. How can we teach children about the importance of protecting the environment?

Useful Vocabulary

Environmental Problems

Causes of Environmental Problems

Solutions to Environmental Problems

Useful linkers for explaining cause & effect

Sample Answer

Which environmental problems are people most concerned about in your country?

I think people in my country are most concerned about future shortages of fresh drinking water, which I suppose is both a result of poor water management and general global warming. I think everyone is feeling the effects of the latter problem which is causing us to experience more extreme temperatures, for example, much colder winters and much hotter summers. The long hot summers are particularly worrying in the south of the country where there is a real risk of drought due to the consistent lack of rainfall.

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