iPass IELTS 7 - Writing Preparation

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Sample Lesson

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

The skills we are going to practice in this lesson are:

  • selecting and grouping data
  • structuring a report
  • writing concisely

Selecting and Grouping Data

In Task 1 of the IELTS Academic writing test, you must write a report based on visual information, which is presented either as a table, a graph or a chart or a combination of these.

It is important that you can quickly select the information that is relevant to the question before transferring it into a written format. To do this effectively you will also need to group similar data in order to avoid writing lists.

Look at this sample question;

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the average weekly household expenditure on main commodities and services in the UK (2004-05).

Writing Task

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the chart. You should write at least 150 words.

You don’t have time to write about all the information in the chart, so try to select the main points.

You need to include:

  • A brief introduction describing the graph/chart and the relationship between the data, or any general trends.
  • A more in-depth description of the significant details.
  • A concluding sentence or brief summary of what you have written.

Also think about:

  • The time period in order to use the correct tense.
  • Relevant vocabulary so you can use your own words (not words used in the question!)

Look at the following candidate’s answer for the sample question.

The graph illustrates how much money is spent by people in the UK per week in 2004-05. It includes a range of products and services such as transport, housing, food and clothing. The biggest expenditure was transport (£60 per week) and the lowest expenditure was health (£5).

The second biggest expense after transport was recreation and culture (£59). The items which came 3rd and 4th on the list were food and drink (£45) and housing and bills (£40). After that came restaurants and hotels (£36) with a little less spent on goods and services (£35). Only £24 a week was spent on clothing and footwear, followed by communication (£12) and alcohol and tobacco (£11). Just above health, at the bottom of the list was education, which only constituted about £7 of the total weekly expenditure.

In conclusion, although the essential items such as food, housing and fuel took up a large percentage of the weekly costs, it is interesting to see that there was still a substantial amount available for recreation, transport and going to hotels and restaurants.

The content is detailed and well-structured with a good introduction and conclusion.

However, the middle paragraph is really just presenting a list of statistics describing the information in the chart.

To avoid writing a list of statistics, it is important to try and group significant data and comment on its relationship.

Click save to proceed

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1 (questions 1-11)

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q1: Transport

Answer: depends

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q2: Recreation & Culture

Answer: depends

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q3: Food & Drink

Answer: essential

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q4: Housing bills

Answer: essential

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q5: Restaurants & Hotels

Answer: non-essential

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q6: Household goods & services

Answer: essential

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q7: Clothing

Answer: essential

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q8: Communication

Answer: depends

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q9: Alcohol & Tobacco

Answer: non-essential

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q10: Education

Answer: essential

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 1

Look at the graph again and decide which information could be grouped together.

The best way to group items in a list is to divide them into broad categories, such as essential and non-essential

Look at the list of items below and decide if they are essential, non-essential, or if you think it depends on where you live and your type of lifestyle.

Writing Task

Q11: Health

Answer: essential

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2 (questions 12-22)

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q12: Alcohol & Tobacco

Answer: £0-30

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q13: Food & Drink

Answer: £40-60

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q14: Communication

Answer: £0-30

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q15: Transport

Answer: £40-60

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q16: Education

Answer: £0-30

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q17: Housing bills

Answer: £30-40

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q18: Household goods & services

Answer: £30-40

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q19: Clothing

Answer: £0-30

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q20: Health

Answer: £0-30

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q21: Recreation & Culture

Answer: £40-60

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 2

We could also group the information according to its statistical relevance.

Which things have similar results?

As soon as we start grouping the data we can analyse and explain the results much more effectively because we can instantly see which information is interesting to report on.

For example, it is interesting to note that people spend much more on desirable items such as transport and recreation than essential things such as education and health.


Q22: Restaurants & Hotels

Answer: £30-40

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 3 (question 23)

Now look at the middle paragraph of the candidate’s answer again and think about how you could rewrite it by grouping the significant data together.

Remember you don’t need to write about every item – only the interesting ones!

The biggest expenditure was transport (£60 per week) and the lowest expenditure was health (£5). The second biggest expense after transport was recreation and culture (£59). The items which came 3rd and 4th on the list were food and drink (£45) and housing and bills (£40). After that came restaurants and hotels (£36) with a little less spent on goods and services (£35). Only £24 a week was spent on clothing and footwear, followed by communication (£12) and alcohol and tobacco (£11). Just above health, at the bottom of the list was education, which only constituted about £7 of the total weekly expenditure.

Write your answer in the box provided and then click above to see a ‘sample answer’.


Q23: Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the chart.

Sample Answer: It is interesting to note that people spent considerably more on non-essential items such as transport and recreation (approx £60 each) than housing bills (£40) and general household goods and services (£30). Even more surprising is the fact that essential items such as clothing, communication, education and health were all at the lower end of people’s weekly expenditure, ranging from £25 on clothing to just £5 on health. As you would expect, food and drink was third on the list, costing an average of £45 per week, but alcohol and tobacco was only a fraction of this at just over £10.

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Structuring a Report and Writing Concisely

In Task 1 it is also important that you are able to write concisely because you only have 20 minutes to write your report. Also, writing concise but meaningful sentences will help you to focus your ideas and make your writing more coherent.

A good report should also be well-structured with an introductory sentence, a main paragraph including the details and a short conclusion.

Organisation and coherence are two important criteria in the writing test.

Look at this sample question.

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the percentage of homes in the UK with various types of internet connection.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the chart.

You should write at least 150 words.

You need to scan the information in the graph quickly and pick out the most significant factors to include in your report.

Question: How do I select the relevant information only?

Answer: Look for general trends. Are the results going up/down or staying the same?

In this example, we can see the number of people using narrowband went down but the number of people using broadband went up. The overall figure remained fairly constant with a slight increase.

Question: How do I compare the information?

Answer: Look at how the information relates to each other. Is it the same or different? Look for things which are similar or the same.

In this example, we can see that the two lines cross each other in February 2005, meaning that at this moment there was an equal number of people using narrowband and broadband. After this date, the number of broadband users went higher.

This general overview should be expressed in your introduction.

For example;

The graph shows a clear comparison between the proportion of homes which have narrowband internet connection and those with broadband. It reveals a growing rise in the percentage of homes with broadband, to the extent that by February 2005 the figure was equal to the number with narrowband and by July 2005 it was approximately 6% higher.

Make sure you use the correct tense. The information refers to a period between April 2003 and July 2005 so the past simple should be used to describe the data.

Question: How do I contrast the information?

Answer: Look at how the information is different to each other. Also look at how it has changed throughout the given period. Has it changed a little or a lot?

In this example, the number of narrowband users is clearly in decline (going down) whereas the number of broadband users is clearly rising (going up). The number of overall users is also rising but more gradually.

So, your main paragraph describing the details of the data could be expressed like this:

Between April 2003 and July 2005 there was a slow but steady rise in the overall number of homes with internet access, regardless of which type of connection they had. However, the proportion of homes with broadband rose dramatically from 8% to 31% in the same period. In contrast, there was a significant drop in the number of people using narrowband, which fell to its lowest figure in May 2005, at 24%, compared to over a third in April 2003.

Remember to use contrasting linkers to join the information together (however, although, despite, in contrast, whereas).

Question: What do I write in the conclusion?

Answer: You should say something about the significance of the data. What does it tell you about people’s habits? What can be predicted about the future?

In this case, it is quite clear that the trend looks set to continue. In other words, the number of broadband users will probably continue to rise and the number of narrowband users will most likely keep falling.

Example conclusion:

Despite a marginal increase of 1% which followed, it is expected that the number of homes using narrowband will continue to fall as more and more people switch to broadband, which offers a faster and more reliable internet connection.


Click 'Save' to proceed to the next question

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 4 (questions 24-25)

Using Connectors (or linkers)

Make sure you use appropriate linkers when you are presenting similar facts and when you are contrasting different ones.

It’s important to know which linking words and phrases are used for comparing similar facts and statistics and which are used for contrasting different ones.


Q24: choose all those which are used to link similar facts and statistics.

Answer:

  • not only... but also
  • correspondingly
  • both.... and
  • similarly
  • also

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 4

Using Connectors (or linkers)

Make sure you use appropriate linkers when you are presenting similar facts and when you are contrasting different ones.

It’s important to know which linking words and phrases are used for comparing similar facts and statistics and which are used for contrasting different ones.


Q25: choose all those which are used to link contrasting facts and statistics.

Answer:

  • however
  • in spite of
  • whereas
  • while
  • although

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 5 (questions 26-33)

Look at this sample question.

The following table shows the percentage of adult smokers between 1978 and 2004 according to age.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. You should write at least 150 words.

Complete the following sentences with an expression from Exercise 4. You can use the same word more than once!


Q26: There was a 1% decrease in the number of __________ male __________female smokers.

Answer 26: There was a 1% decrease in the number of BOTH male AND female smokers.

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 5

Look at this sample question.

The following table shows the percentage of adult smokers between 1978 and 2004 according to age.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. You should write at least 150 words.

Complete the following sentences with an expression from Exercise 4. You can use the same word more than once!


Q27: __________ a general downward trend in the number of smokers since 2000, the percentage of smokers aged 35-49 remained the same at 29%.

Answer 27: IN SPITE OF a general downward trend in the number of smokers since 2000, the percentage of smokers aged 35-49 remained the same at 29%.

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 5

Look at this sample question.

The following table shows the percentage of adult smokers between 1978 and 2004 according to age.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. You should write at least 150 words.

Complete the following sentences with an expression from Exercise 4. You can use the same word more than once!


Q28: __________ was there a 4% decrease in the number of female smokers between 1974 and 1978 __________ again between 1978 and 1982 an identical decrease occurred.

Answer 28: NOT ONLY was there a 4% decrease in the number of female smokers between 1974 and 1978 BUT ALSO again between 1978 and 1982 an identical decrease occurred.

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 5

Look at this sample question.

The following table shows the percentage of adult smokers between 1978 and 2004 according to age.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. You should write at least 150 words.

Complete the following sentences with an expression from Exercise 4. You can use the same word more than once!


Q29: There was no change in the number of smokers aged 25-34 between 1998 and 2000. __________ or __________ there was no increase or decrease in the number of smokers aged 50 and above in the same period.

Answer 29: There was no change in the number of smokers aged 25-34 between 1998 and 2000. SIMILARLY or CORRESPONDINGLY there was no increase or decrease in the number of smokers aged 50 and above in the same period.

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 5

Look at this sample question.

The following table shows the percentage of adult smokers between 1978 and 2004 according to age.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. You should write at least 150 words.

Complete the following sentences with an expression from Exercise 4. You can use the same word more than once!


Q30: There has been no significant reduction in the number of adult smokers since 1994, _________ or __________ the overall decrease in the 1970s and 1980s was quite dramatic.

Answer 30: There has been no significant reduction in the number of adult smokers since 1994, ALTHOUGH, WHILE or WHEREAS the overall decrease in the 1970s and 1980s was quite dramatic.

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 5

Look at this sample question.

The following table shows the percentage of adult smokers between 1978 and 2004 according to age.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. You should write at least 150 words.

Complete the following sentences with an expression from Exercise 4. You can use the same word more than once!


Q31: Between 1994 and 1998 there was no change in the number of male adult smokers. _________ the number of female smokers _________ remained the same.

Answer 31: Between 1994 and 1998 there was no change in the number of male adult smokers. IN ADDITION the number of female smokers ALSO remained the same.

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 5

Look at this sample question.

The following table shows the percentage of adult smokers between 1978 and 2004 according to age.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. You should write at least 150 words.

Complete the following sentences with an expression from Exercise 4. You can use the same word more than once!


Q32: _________ or __________ there were general decreases in the number of smokers between 2000 and 2004, there was no change in the 35-49 age group.

Answer 32: ALTHOUGH, WHILE or WHEREAS there were general decreases in the number of smokers between 2000 and 2004, there was no change in the 35-49 age group.

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 5

Look at this sample question.

The following table shows the percentage of adult smokers between 1978 and 2004 according to age.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information. You should write at least 150 words.

Complete the following sentences with an expression from Exercise 4. You can use the same word more than once!


Q33: There was no decrease in the number of adult smokers between 1994 and 1998. __________, in the following 6 years there was a slight drop of 1%.

Answer 33: There was no decrease in the number of adult smokers between 1994 and 1998. HOWEVER, in the following 6 years there was a slight drop of 1%.

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6 (questions 34-55)

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q34: However...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q35: Finally...

Answer: Introducing a summary

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q36: Despite...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q37: Following...

Answer: Introducing a time phrase

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q38: Overall...

Answer: Introducing a summary

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q39: During...

Answer: Introducing a time phrase

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q40: But...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q41: After...

Answer: Introducing a time phrase

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q42: In Contrast...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q43: For/Since...

Answer: Introducing a time phrase

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q44: In Summary...

Answer: Introducing a summary

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q45: Whereas...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q46: Except...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q47: Nevertheless...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q48: To Sum Up...

Answer: Introducing a summary

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q49: In Conclusion...

Answer: Introducing a summary

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q50: In Spite Of...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q51: All In All...

Answer: Introducing a summary

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q52: Although...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q53: Before...

Answer: Introducing a time phrase

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q54: Throughout...

Answer: Introducing a time phrase

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 6

Here is an even wider range of connecting words often used in report writing.

Choose the options from the menu which best describe the function of each linking word.


Q55: On The Other Hand...

Answer: Introducing a contrast

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 7 (questions 56-64)

The table below shows the number of homes (in thousands) with personal computers against the number of homes with internet connection in the town of Stanton in 2004 (total population (40,000).

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Internet 15 14 13 15 24 30 25 25 26 26 29 32
PCs 27 28 29 29 31 32 31 32 33 34 35 36

Use some of the words from Ex.6 to complete the following report:

BEFORE DURING HOWEVER FOLLOWING
OVERALL ALTHOUGH IN CONTRAST THROUGHOUT

56_______ the year there has been a general upward trend in the number of homes with personal computers in the city of Stanton. In fact, the number has risen significantly from 27,000 at the start of the year to just over 35,000 at the end of December. 57_______ the number of homes with an internet connection has fluctuated more erratically. For example, there was a sharp increase in May, 58_______ reaching a peak of 30,000 in June, 59_______ then the figure dropped markedly again the 60_______ month. In the latter part of the year, 61_______, the number has continued to rise slightly but steadily, doubling the number of homes which had internet in January. 62_______ the gap between those homes owning a PC and those with internet has narrowed significantly 63_______ the last 12 months, 64_______ the closest margin came in June with PC owners at 32,000 and those with internet at 30,000.


56_______

Answer: THROUGHOUT

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 7

The table below shows the number of homes (in thousands) with personal computers against the number of homes with internet connection in the town of Stanton in 2004 (total population (40,000).

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Internet 15 14 13 15 24 30 25 25 26 26 29 32
PCs 27 28 29 29 31 32 31 32 33 34 35 36

Use some of the words from Ex.6 to complete the following report:

BEFORE DURING HOWEVER FOLLOWING
OVERALL ALTHOUGH IN CONTRAST THROUGHOUT

56_______ the year there has been a general upward trend in the number of homes with personal computers in the city of Stanton. In fact, the number has risen significantly from 27,000 at the start of the year to just over 35,000 at the end of December. 57_______ the number of homes with an internet connection has fluctuated more erratically. For example, there was a sharp increase in May, 58_______ reaching a peak of 30,000 in June, 59_______ then the figure dropped markedly again the 60_______ month. In the latter part of the year, 61_______, the number has continued to rise slightly but steadily, doubling the number of homes which had internet in January. 62_______ the gap between those homes owning a PC and those with internet has narrowed significantly 63_______ the last 12 months, 64_______ the closest margin came in June with PC owners at 32,000 and those with internet at 30,000.


57_______

Answer: IN CONTRAST

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 7

The table below shows the number of homes (in thousands) with personal computers against the number of homes with internet connection in the town of Stanton in 2004 (total population (40,000).

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Internet 15 14 13 15 24 30 25 25 26 26 29 32
PCs 27 28 29 29 31 32 31 32 33 34 35 36

Use some of the words from Ex.6 to complete the following report:

BEFORE DURING HOWEVER FOLLOWING
OVERALL ALTHOUGH IN CONTRAST THROUGHOUT

56_______ the year there has been a general upward trend in the number of homes with personal computers in the city of Stanton. In fact, the number has risen significantly from 27,000 at the start of the year to just over 35,000 at the end of December. 57_______ the number of homes with an internet connection has fluctuated more erratically. For example, there was a sharp increase in May, 58_______ reaching a peak of 30,000 in June, 59_______ then the figure dropped markedly again the 60_______ month. In the latter part of the year, 61_______, the number has continued to rise slightly but steadily, doubling the number of homes which had internet in January. 62_______ the gap between those homes owning a PC and those with internet has narrowed significantly 63_______ the last 12 months, 64_______ the closest margin came in June with PC owners at 32,000 and those with internet at 30,000.


58_______

Answer: BEFORE

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 7

The table below shows the number of homes (in thousands) with personal computers against the number of homes with internet connection in the town of Stanton in 2004 (total population (40,000).

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Internet 15 14 13 15 24 30 25 25 26 26 29 32
PCs 27 28 29 29 31 32 31 32 33 34 35 36

Use some of the words from Ex.6 to complete the following report:

BEFORE DURING HOWEVER FOLLOWING
OVERALL ALTHOUGH IN CONTRAST THROUGHOUT

56_______ the year there has been a general upward trend in the number of homes with personal computers in the city of Stanton. In fact, the number has risen significantly from 27,000 at the start of the year to just over 35,000 at the end of December. 57_______ the number of homes with an internet connection has fluctuated more erratically. For example, there was a sharp increase in May, 58_______ reaching a peak of 30,000 in June, 59_______ then the figure dropped markedly again the 60_______ month. In the latter part of the year, 61_______, the number has continued to rise slightly but steadily, doubling the number of homes which had internet in January. 62_______ the gap between those homes owning a PC and those with internet has narrowed significantly 63_______ the last 12 months, 64_______ the closest margin came in June with PC owners at 32,000 and those with internet at 30,000.


59_______

Answer: BUT

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 7

The table below shows the number of homes (in thousands) with personal computers against the number of homes with internet connection in the town of Stanton in 2004 (total population (40,000).

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Internet 15 14 13 15 24 30 25 25 26 26 29 32
PCs 27 28 29 29 31 32 31 32 33 34 35 36

Use some of the words from Ex.6 to complete the following report:

BEFORE DURING HOWEVER FOLLOWING
OVERALL ALTHOUGH IN CONTRAST THROUGHOUT

56_______ the year there has been a general upward trend in the number of homes with personal computers in the city of Stanton. In fact, the number has risen significantly from 27,000 at the start of the year to just over 35,000 at the end of December. 57_______ the number of homes with an internet connection has fluctuated more erratically. For example, there was a sharp increase in May, 58_______ reaching a peak of 30,000 in June, 59_______ then the figure dropped markedly again the 60_______ month. In the latter part of the year, 61_______, the number has continued to rise slightly but steadily, doubling the number of homes which had internet in January. 62_______ the gap between those homes owning a PC and those with internet has narrowed significantly 63_______ the last 12 months, 64_______ the closest margin came in June with PC owners at 32,000 and those with internet at 30,000.


60_______

Answer: FOLLOWING

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 7

The table below shows the number of homes (in thousands) with personal computers against the number of homes with internet connection in the town of Stanton in 2004 (total population (40,000).

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Internet 15 14 13 15 24 30 25 25 26 26 29 32
PCs 27 28 29 29 31 32 31 32 33 34 35 36

Use some of the words from Ex.6 to complete the following report:

BEFORE DURING HOWEVER FOLLOWING
OVERALL ALTHOUGH IN CONTRAST THROUGHOUT

56_______ the year there has been a general upward trend in the number of homes with personal computers in the city of Stanton. In fact, the number has risen significantly from 27,000 at the start of the year to just over 35,000 at the end of December. 57_______ the number of homes with an internet connection has fluctuated more erratically. For example, there was a sharp increase in May, 58_______ reaching a peak of 30,000 in June, 59_______ then the figure dropped markedly again the 60_______ month. In the latter part of the year, 61_______, the number has continued to rise slightly but steadily, doubling the number of homes which had internet in January. 62_______ the gap between those homes owning a PC and those with internet has narrowed significantly 63_______ the last 12 months, 64_______ the closest margin came in June with PC owners at 32,000 and those with internet at 30,000.


61_______

Answer: HOWEVER

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 7

The table below shows the number of homes (in thousands) with personal computers against the number of homes with internet connection in the town of Stanton in 2004 (total population (40,000).

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Internet 15 14 13 15 24 30 25 25 26 26 29 32
PCs 27 28 29 29 31 32 31 32 33 34 35 36

Use some of the words from Ex.6 to complete the following report:

BEFORE DURING HOWEVER FOLLOWING
OVERALL ALTHOUGH IN CONTRAST THROUGHOUT

56_______ the year there has been a general upward trend in the number of homes with personal computers in the city of Stanton. In fact, the number has risen significantly from 27,000 at the start of the year to just over 35,000 at the end of December. 57_______ the number of homes with an internet connection has fluctuated more erratically. For example, there was a sharp increase in May, 58_______ reaching a peak of 30,000 in June, 59_______ then the figure dropped markedly again the 60_______ month. In the latter part of the year, 61_______, the number has continued to rise slightly but steadily, doubling the number of homes which had internet in January. 62_______ the gap between those homes owning a PC and those with internet has narrowed significantly 63_______ the last 12 months, 64_______ the closest margin came in June with PC owners at 32,000 and those with internet at 30,000.


62_______

Answer: OVERALL

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 7

The table below shows the number of homes (in thousands) with personal computers against the number of homes with internet connection in the town of Stanton in 2004 (total population (40,000).

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Internet 15 14 13 15 24 30 25 25 26 26 29 32
PCs 27 28 29 29 31 32 31 32 33 34 35 36

Use some of the words from Ex.6 to complete the following report:

BEFORE DURING HOWEVER FOLLOWING
OVERALL ALTHOUGH IN CONTRAST THROUGHOUT

56_______ the year there has been a general upward trend in the number of homes with personal computers in the city of Stanton. In fact, the number has risen significantly from 27,000 at the start of the year to just over 35,000 at the end of December. 57_______ the number of homes with an internet connection has fluctuated more erratically. For example, there was a sharp increase in May, 58_______ reaching a peak of 30,000 in June, 59_______ then the figure dropped markedly again the 60_______ month. In the latter part of the year, 61_______, the number has continued to rise slightly but steadily, doubling the number of homes which had internet in January. 62_______ the gap between those homes owning a PC and those with internet has narrowed significantly 63_______ the last 12 months, 64_______ the closest margin came in June with PC owners at 32,000 and those with internet at 30,000.


63_______

Answer: DURING

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 7

The table below shows the number of homes (in thousands) with personal computers against the number of homes with internet connection in the town of Stanton in 2004 (total population (40,000).

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Internet 15 14 13 15 24 30 25 25 26 26 29 32
PCs 27 28 29 29 31 32 31 32 33 34 35 36

Use some of the words from Ex.6 to complete the following report:

BEFORE DURING HOWEVER FOLLOWING
OVERALL ALTHOUGH IN CONTRAST THROUGHOUT

56_______ the year there has been a general upward trend in the number of homes with personal computers in the city of Stanton. In fact, the number has risen significantly from 27,000 at the start of the year to just over 35,000 at the end of December. 57_______ the number of homes with an internet connection has fluctuated more erratically. For example, there was a sharp increase in May, 58_______ reaching a peak of 30,000 in June, 59_______ then the figure dropped markedly again the 60_______ month. In the latter part of the year, 61_______, the number has continued to rise slightly but steadily, doubling the number of homes which had internet in January. 62_______ the gap between those homes owning a PC and those with internet has narrowed significantly 63_______ the last 12 months, 64_______ the closest margin came in June with PC owners at 32,000 and those with internet at 30,000.


64_______

Answer: ALTHOUGH

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8 (questions 65-86)

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q65: rocketed...

Answer: Upward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q66: halved...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q67: stabilised...

Answer: Neither

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q68: plunged...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q69: soared...

Answer: Upward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q70: fluctuated...

Answer: Both

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q71: doubled...

Answer: Upward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q72: fell...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q73: rose...

Answer: Upward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q74: dropped...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q75: peaked...

Answer: Upward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q76: dipped...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q77: dived...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q78: plummeted...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q79: tripled...

Answer: Upward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q80: slumped...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q81: remained steady...

Answer: Neither

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

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Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q82: declined...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q83: increased...

Answer: Upward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q84: levelled out...

Answer: Neither

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q85: decreased...

Answer: Downward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 8

Look at the following list of words and phrases used to describe statistics.

Decide whether they describe upward or downward movement, neither, or both, and choose the correct option from the drop-down menu.


Q86: escalated...

Answer: Upward movement

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9 (questions 87-96)

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q87: There was a .................. drop in the number of internet users in July.

Answer: significant

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q88: The number of internet uses ................... in May.

Answer: rocketed

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q89: There was a ................. fall in the number of internet users in February.

Answer: slight

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q90: The number of internet users .................. between January and June.

Answer: doubled

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q91: There has been a .................... increase in the number of PC owners since August.

Answer: gradual

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q92: The number of internet users has ............. in the last 3 months.

Answer: soared

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q93: There has been a general ................ trend in the number of PC owners.

Answer: upward

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q94: There has been a steady ................. in the number of PC owners in the last 5 months.

Answer: rise

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q95: Despite the increase in PC ownership in February there was a .................. drop in internet usage.

Answer: slight

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exercise 9

Look at the same information from the table in Ex.7 presented in a bar chart.

Look at the chart and choose the best word for each sentence.


Q96: In recent months there has been a .................. increase in internet usage, following a period of fluctuation between May and July

Answer: steady

Academic Writing - Lesson 1 – Task 1

Please note: Your answers will only be saved when you navigate through the exercise on a single attempt using the back/forward buttons. If you leave the page and return, it is considered a new attempt and you will lose your original answers.

Exam Practice - final exercise in Lesson 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the different types of goods and services purchased online by students on arts, science and business courses at a university.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

Write at least 150 words.



Please note that the exam practice tasks in the lessons are NOT submitted for correction. They are for practice purposes only.

You should write your own answer and then compare it with the sample answers provided below. When you have finished, proceed to Lesson 2.

You will have the opportunity to get feedback on your writing when you start the practice tests.

Exam Timer

We have also provided a timer to help you get used to the real exam conditions. Simply click Play to start the countdown.

20:00

sample answer - lower

sample answer - higher

Q97: Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.