IELTS Reading Text 1
Travelling on the London Underground
The London underground is the most convenient way to travel in London. The 275 stations are dispersed throughout the entire city, 63 of which are in the centre. Therefore, it’s not surprising that the majority of Londoners and tourists use the underground.
The size of the network
London currently has 12 tube lines which spread across the whole city and into its outskirts and suburbs. In total there are 402 kilometres of track. This means that you can get around quite easily using the underground. The network itself is the second largest in the world.
Peak times are in the early morning and evening between 7-9 and 5-7. Over a billion passengers per year makes the London underground the third busiest system in Europe, while the daily ridership is averaged at 2.93 million in the week, rising to 3.5 at weekends.
Most lines offer services every few minutes from the hours of 5:30 to 12:30. However, Sundays offer a slightly reduced service with trains only running between 7:30 and 23:30. Public holidays also affect service times as too do severe weather conditions such as floods and snow.
A valid ticket or travel card is necessary to travel on the network. This must be purchased before starting your journey. The cheapest option is a single ticket and the most expensive a yearly pass. There are also daily, weekly or monthly passes but the majority of regular travellers choose to have an electronic rechargeable pass called an ‘Oyster card’ or a ‘pay as you go’ card.
The price of a ticket varies per zone and travel time. For example, a single ticket for zone 1 at ‘off-peak’ is currently £4.00 while a day travel card is £6.60. A single ticket for zones 1-9 in comparison is £5.90 and a day pay stands at £14.50.
Cheaper fares are available for young people, university students, unemployed and groups. Disabled and retired people can also apply in writing for a ‘freedom pass’ to gain free unlimited travel across the network at any time.
Travel without a valid ticket will result in a fine of £50 leading to £1,000 and the possibility of 3 months imprisonment for refusal to pay. For these reasons it is highly recommended that you purchase a ticket and also validate it using the machines at the entrance of the underground station.
Look at the extract from a leaflet about London Underground.
Using NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each, answer the following questions.
- How many tube lines reach the suburbs?
- How many people travel on the London underground in one year?
- What kind of service is offered on Sundays?
- Which TWO environmental conditions affect the trains?
- Which ticket has the lowest cost?
- How much do disabled people pay to use the underground?
- What is the worst punishment for not buying a ticket?